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IDPA Open Forum at MIFF 2024 Discusses New Opportunities for Documentary Funding

Mumbai: On the sidelines of the ongoing 18th Mumbai International Film Festival (MIFF), the Indian Documentary Producers Association (IDPA) organized an Open Forum to address the topic, “Creating New Opportunities for Documentary Funding.” Esteemed speakers from the film industry shared their insights, highlighting the challenges and potential solutions for the financial viability of documentary films in India.

Opening the discussion, Sanjit Narwekar, a V. Shantaram Awardee and National Award winner, emphasized the need to develop a paying audience for documentaries in India. “Until such a culture emerges, documentary films cannot be made financially viable,” he stated. Narwekar pointed out that while financing is readily available for fiction films, the lack of a revenue model hampers funding for documentaries. “Some filmmakers finance their own films, which gives them artistic freedom. We have seen government, corporate, and crowdsourcing funding for documentaries, but none has really worked for filmmakers. People who spend their money always have some strings attached to it,” he said.

Narwekar also highlighted that new technology and streaming platforms like MUBI are providing more screening avenues for documentaries. He posed the question of whether Indian documentary filmmakers could conceive a project like ‘Commandant’s Shadow’ given the current financial constraints.

Premendra Mazumder, a film critic, author, and organizer, echoed this sentiment by stating that Indian audiences do not have a popular culture of watching documentaries, and a paying audience base must be established first. He noted that film festivals like MIFF play a crucial role in this regard. Mazumder highlighted the global scale of the documentary film industry, valued at around $12 billion, but lamented that India’s share is minimal. “With approximately 18,000-20,000 films receiving certifications annually in India, only around 2,000 are feature films. The rest are documentary films. But we are not seeing this whole chunk of films being screened anywhere. Organizations like NFDC go a long way in promoting the work of new documentary filmmakers,” he opined.

Dharam Gulati, a producer, director, director of photography, and academician, pointed out the need for OTT platforms dedicated to documentary films. He observed that modern technology has reduced the cost of documentary filmmaking, enabling filmmakers to self-fund their projects. Gulati stressed that commitment, not just financial gain, is crucial for documentary filmmakers. He proposed that the government provide tax deductions to corporates using CSR funds for documentaries and mandate multiplexes to screen documentaries in exchange for tax benefits.

Utpal Datta, a writer and Professor of Practice at Assam Down Town University, highlighted the challenges of complex bureaucratic processes in obtaining government funding. Datta emphasized that people value paid content over free offerings and suggested that documentary film festivals should always charge for attendance.

Dr. Dev Kanya Thakur, an independent filmmaker and freelance writer, emphasized the need for documentary filmmakers to evolve and explore emerging platforms like YouTube and OTT services. She suggested seeking funds from organizations with specific themes and utilizing corporate funds. Dr. Thakur proposed institutionalizing documentary filmmaking to attract funding and recommended that different stakeholders, such as IDPA and the Bitchitra collective, collaborate to finance documentaries and establish fellowships for aspiring filmmakers. She also highlighted the potential of crowdfunding and the importance of creating compelling content to attract viewership. Thakur noted the increasing number of women documentary filmmakers, helping to close the gender gap in the industry.

The session was moderated by Maya Chandra, a film production entrepreneur, who observed that youngsters seem less passionate about documentaries compared to feature films. She called for discussions on establishing a separate body or ecosystem for documentary film promotion. Chandra mentioned that corporate funds have recently started flowing into documentary films in states like Karnataka and suggested that IDPA could partner with theater chains like INOX and PVR to screen documentaries, thereby cultivating an audience culture.

The Open Forum at MIFF 2024 underscored the importance of fostering a paying audience and creating sustainable funding models for documentary films in India. The discussions highlighted the need for innovation, collaboration, and strategic use of modern platforms to ensure the growth and financial viability of documentaries in the country.

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